The F-35 is a climate killer
James Marc Leas | Nov 29, 2021
Each F-35 burns 22 gallons of jet fuel per minute, 1,340 gallons an hour. Altogether, the F-35A training flights from the runway in South Burlington Vermont burn between 4.7 and 9.4 million gallons of jet fuel and emit between 100 million and 200 million pounds of CO2 per year. That is the equivalent of the annual emissions of 10,000 to 20,000 passenger cars. Scroll down to the footnote to see details of the calculation.1
U.S. Air Force Environmental Impact Statement
Here are the estimated emissions from all the F-35 jets coming to Madison, Wisconsin. This comes from the environmental impact statement prepared by the Air Force.
Emissions in the table above will vary depending on the number and type of flights. These are calculated in Appendix C of the EIS. Appendix C shows that the CO2e emission factor for the JP-8 fuel burned by the F-35 are as follows: 75.2 kg CO2/MMBtu emission factor from Table 2 of Federal GHG Accounting and Reporting Guidance, CEQ (2012), 3.251 lb CO2/lb fuel burned
Watson Institute, Brown University | July 1, 2019
The Costs of War Project’s newest report, Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War, written by Neta C. Crawford, was published on June 12, 2019.
The United States’ military comprises of more than two million people, 11 nuclear aircraft carriers, a $700 billion budget in 2019, and the most advanced military aircraft in the world. According to Neta C. Crawford, co-director of the Costs of War Project, “all this capacity for and use of military force requires a great deal of energy, most of it in the form of fossil fuel.” As a result, the U.S. Department of Defense is the world’s largest institutional user of petroleum, and therefore the single largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world.
In Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War, Crawford examines military fuel usage for post-9/11 wars and the impact of that fuel usage on greenhouse gases emissions. She found that between 2001 and 2017, the years for which data is available since the beginning of the war on terrorism with the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, the U.S. military emitted 1.2 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases. More than 400 million metric tons of greenhouse gases are directly due to war-related fuel consumption, with the largest portion of Pentagon fuel consumption being for military jets. As General David Petraeus said in 2011, “Energy is the lifeblood of our warfighting capabilities.”
Militarism and the Climate Crisis
Climate Crisis & Militarism Project – Veterans for Peace
Our Mission: Veterans For Peace Climate Crisis and Militarism Project is part of the world-wide movement to end the climate crisis and promote climate, environmental, racial, and economic justice. Our emphasis focuses on how US militarism, the single largest institutional source of greenhouse gasses on the planet, fuels the climate crisis.
The Conversation | Christian Cachola, November 9, 2021
One reason we know so little is due to militaries being one of the last highly polluting industries whose emissions do not need to be reported to the United Nations. The US can take the credit for that. In 1997, its negotiating team won a blanket military exemption under the Kyoto climate accord. Speaking in the Senate the following year, the now special presidential envoy for climate, John Kerry, hailed it as “a terrific job”.
At present, 46 countries and the European Union are obliged to submit yearly reports on their national emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The 2015 Paris Agreement removed Kyoto’s military exemption but left military emissions reporting voluntary.